The Maritime Transport and The Law

Because of its political importance and nature, maritime transport is subject to extensive official involvement. This is done so that the appropriate bodies would be able to constitute a maritime administration that is genuine, untarnished, and whose power extends not only within its limits, but also beyond national boundaries.

Legal framework in maritime transport policies

Maritime transport is subjected to the rules of domestic, international including the community law governing the following:

  1. The ship has the freedom of navigation that is essentially in agreement not only with the international law rules but also with those of the law of domestics.
  2. The sea is divided into certain zone that is exercised by the coastal states and its limits thereof according to the rights of autonomy.

These rights apply in the officially authorized handling of the ships, crews, the carried goods, and even the people aboard. The legal relations that also handle the rights of ships engaged in maritime transportation are also essential and at the same time in accordance with the policies of national laws.  It also handles the commercial and professional players who are involved that are particular to the sector. This includes the rules of labor law, as well as the mostly votive obligations connected with the maritime transport. Hence, a private law is applied in this area with a special set of rules.

The maritime transport is even subjected to the public authorities which is basically in agreement with the rules of the following laws:

  1. Executive – A rule that determines the responsibilities of the authorities with regards to navigation.
  2. Tax and social security – Rules that makes certain that the requirements commonly applying in other areas are adapted to the  precise requirements and demands of maritime transport.
  3. Public economic law rule – An example of which is the shipbuilding support including competition provided that it is still in accordance with the community, domestic and international law.

The maritime transport is also subject to industrial and proficient qualifications as well as the inspection of the demeanor of seafarers in the interests of the public safety of goods and even environmental protection. These set of laws have been developed primarily at an international, domestic, and Community level.

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