Reasons behind the issue in Spratly Islands

The Spratly Islands which consists of more than 100 reefs, islets and islands, occupies less than five square kilometers, and spread over more than 400,000 square kilometers of sea, located between the Philippines and Vietnam, in the area of the South China Sea. The Spratly Islands, regarded as part of the great sweep of archipelago…

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A worsening problem with visa for seafarers

Upon arrival at port a seafarer would normally finished his job and turn over his duties in order to go ashore. After a 15 to 27 days of voyage at sea, we normally get excited whenever we see land. Putting aside the idea of having a visa, a typical seafarer would normally ask permission to…

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Your Responsibilities as an Officer of the Watch

An Officer in charge of the Navigational Watch or Officer of the Watch (OOW) as we all know comprises the Bridge Team. On merchant vessels, the watch duty officer is always accompanied with a look-out who is also a helmsman. In case the officer of the watch is a newly promoted officer, he will be…

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