Maritime Job Sector

Jobs in the maritime transportation sector have conventionally been confined by a national quota system for the crews on ships listed in the maritime register of a certain country. This means a certain number of maritime jobs must be reserved for a country’s own seafarers. Though, “national quotas” are generally not fixed by certain countries, despite having open registers.

The nature of open registers

When ships relocate to a different country, the jobs of seafarers of the country they transferred from are affected unfavorably. And yet, it is not only employment service that is at risk. Countries with open registers employ those willing to work for lower pay qualified crews. This act alters competition. Preparation standards are also more laidback than those that were laid down in the conventions, and this too unfavorably affects safety precautions.

Effects of “national quotas” on the maritime job sector

Having said that countries with open registers employ those willing to work despite lower pay, young people are no longer interested in working in the maritime sector. Job numbers in the conventional seafaring countries have dropped almost crucially resulting to an erosion of maritime tradition and culture and, even the technical knowledge of the sea.

There is a lack of maritime personnel but then the same situation could broaden to other countries in the future, not just in industrialized countries. This is distressing especially when we consider that technical progress and the growing insistence for a means of safe and environmentally- friendly transport requires the need for better qualified workers.

There is also another link that should be discussed, this time between maritime transport policy and on-training public policy. Professionally, seafarers fall into different categories. In some instances, knowledge on technicalities may be required which cannot be used in other production sectors, while others use the same kind of expertise just as other sectors, such as for operating machinery. Training still needs to be carried out in both cases in institutions that are designed exclusively for seafarers. This is equally essential for other jobs that are carried out under the sea-associated conditions, and not only with the deckhands.

An appropriate level of training is therefore vital to seafarers and to the whole sector. Still, it would be of no use without real service prospects. Also important to the existence of a competitive merchant fleet are well-trained employees. However, its competing factor cannot be based on the rates or even the service, but rather of prime rates for a service that is high quality that is within the principles of a fair transportation policy.

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